Verbos irregulares

Un verbo irregular es aquel que experimenta cambios en cuanto al paradigma o la raíz al ser conjugado. Descubre los verbos irregulares de la lengua inglesa.

El sistema verbal inglés es muy regular. La mayoría de verbos construyen las formas de pasado y el participio añadiendo -(e)d. Así, el pasado de You love me (me quieres) sería You loved me (me quisiste).

Sin embargo, existen unos verbos que conjugan sus formas de manera diferente. Son los llamados verbos irregulares. Vale la pena aprendérselos desde un principio porque son de uso muy común.

Te ofrecemos la lista, y además verás destacados los que sugerimos te aprendas en primer lugar.

Base Form Past Simple Past Participle Español
be was/were been ser o estar
beat beat beaten golpear
become became become llegar a ser
begin began begun empezar
bend bent bent doblar
bet bet bet apostar
bite bit bitten morder
bleed bled bled sangrar
blow blew blown soplar
break broke broken romper
bring brought brought traer
build built built construir
burn burnt / burned burnt / burned quemar
buy bought bought comprar
catch caught caught coger, agarrar
choose chose chosen elegir
come came come venir
cost cost cost costar
cut cut cut cortar
dig dug dug cavar
do did done hacer
draw drew drawn dibujar
dream dreamt / dreamed dreamt / dreamed soñar
drink drank drunk beber
drive drove driven conducir
eat eat eaten comer
fall fell fallen caerse
feed fed fed alimentar
feel felt felt sentir
fight fought fought luchar
find found found encontrar
fly flew flown volar
forget forgot forgotten olvidar
forgive forgave forgiven perdonar
freeze froze frozen congelar
get got got conseguir
give gave given dar
go went gone ir
grow grew grown crecer
hang hanged / hung hanged / hung colgar
have had had tener
hear heard heard oir
hide hid hidden esconder
hit hit hit golpear
hold held held sujetar
hurt hurt hurt herir
keep kept kept guardar
know knew known saber, conocer
lay laid laid poner, extender
lead led led dirigir
learn learnt / learned learnt / learned aprender
leave left left dejar, abandonar
lend lent lent prestar
let let let permitir
lie lay lain tumbarse
lie lied lied mentir
light lit lit encender
lose lost lost perder
make made made construir
mean meant meant significar, querer decir
meet met met encontrarse con alguien
pay paid paid pagar
put put put poner
read read read leer
ride rode ridden montar
ring rang rung llamar
rise rose risen elevar, alzarse
run ran run correr
say said said decir
see saw seen ver
sell sold sold vender
send sent sent enviar
set set set colocar
shake shook shaken agitar
shine shone shone brillar
shoot shot shot disparar
show showed shown mostrar
shut shut shut callarse, cerrar
sing sang sung cantar
sink sank sunk hundirse
sit sat sat sentarse
sleep slept slept dormir
smell smelt / smelled smelt / smelled oler
speak spoke spoken hablar
spell spelt / spelled spelt / spelled deletrear
spend spent spent gastar, emplear
stand stood stood estar de pie
steal stole stolen robar
stick stuck stuck pegar
sweep swept swept barrer
swim swam swum nadar
take took taken coger
teach taught taught enseñar
tear tore torn romper en tiras
tell told told contar
think thought thought pensar
throw threw thrown arrojar, tirar
understand understood understood comprender, entender
wake woke woken despertarse
wear wore worn llevar puesto
win won won ganar
write wrote written escribir